Journal of Current Research on Business and Economics (JoCReBE) - ISSN: 2547-9628

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Abstract


An Evaluation on Foreign Trade and Intelligent Logistics Relation

Logistics is one of the most important service sectors in terms of employment, business volume and added value and its contribution to the world economy. Logistics is effective in the spread of economic activities to large areas by serving all sectors such as food, medicine, cosmetics, automotive and textile. The first use of the concept of logistics in the 1700s was in the military field and in the form of supplying materials to the front with the movements of military units. As of 1960, it emerged in the sense of trade logistics, regarding the transportation of goods from the producer to the customer and its management. Globalization and the development of technologies in logistics management with the international competition bring to increase the importance of the logistics sector day by day. The last point reached is the change of dimension of the logistics sector with the technological changes and innovations realized by digital transformation and the start of e-logistics, smart logistics-logistics 4.0 processes. This study aims to examine the relationship between foreign trade and smart logistics based on 8 OECD member countries and 2 countries from the “Key Partners” of this organization. For this purpose, the logistics performance index, global competitiveness index, individual using internet(%of population), gross domestic product (GDP) per capita, digital adoption index, foreign direct investments, foreign trade (export-import) levels and digitally-deliverable services exports of this countries were compared. In the study, a document analysis model was used within the framework of the qualitative research method.



Keywords
Foreign Trade, Logistics, Technological Changes, Innovation



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